The indigenous race, the Anu, occupied southern Egypt and Nubia (northern Sudan). The preceeding culture before Ancient Egypt was the Kerma civilization dated as far back as 7000 Before Christ Era; Egypt began only 3000 B.C. when Menes marched upwards to unite all the lands.
An ancient document was found in Abydos of a chief, Tera-Neter, meaning (God’s devotee). The document reads, “Palace of the Anu in Hermen city. Tera Neter.” Hermen was god of Tuphium city, 13 miles south of Luqsor (now Luxor). The map of Ancient Egypt is different from what we have now.
Then because the Nile flowed northwards to the Meditarrenean Sea, the area of the Nile length bordered by the deserts was Upper Egypt, while the Nile Delta flowing into the Meditarrenean Sea was Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt thus had borders with Nubia (now Sudan). After series of kings had ruled differently in the scattered cities, Pharaoh Narmer or Menes, marched northwards to the Delta, conquered the inhabitants there and began a single kingdom ruled under the Pharaonic Dynasty.
This new kingdom was called KMT. It should be noted that Ancient Egyptian did not have vowels in their hieroglyph alphabet and so KMT could be written or pronounced kemet today, and KMT meant Black Land.
Menes had left his family in Tinis (now Thinis) which was a fortified town in existence since the period of the Anu natives; it was a nome (district) within which is Denderah (now Dandara), he had subjugated the people living in the Delta whom were termed Desret (red men: which is also the term that later became used for the desert because of its color) and thus merged both Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt into KMT.
The word “set kmt” was also applied for Isis, the Black Woman, a chief goddess in the Egyptian pantheon, of which later spread to half of the world, with her picture carrying baby Horus and her husband Osiris with them… You may link this to the pictures of the Virgin Mary too. Cleopatra called herself, Daughter of Isis. Menes found a new capital in a location between both Upper and Lower KMT and called it, Ankh Tawy (Life of the two lands).
By the New Kingdom era in 1550 B.C., it became Men-Nefer (enduring and beautiful); then in Coptic it later became Menfe; and when the Greeks came, they corrupted its pronounciation to Memphis. Now the world all calls it Memphis. Memphis became the religious center of KMT and the library of Imhotep, which was the first school of medicine in the world, brought in Greek scholars, and thus the temple became what the Greeks called Ai gy-ptos, since the chief Creator God of Egypt was Ptah (note Ptos).
The temple of Ptah was the largest of its kind and this magnificience made the Greeks call it Ai gy-ptos soon spreading to a term for the whole country, E-gy-pt. Kemet (now Egypt) was a model civlization and many streamed into it, however, it also attracted invaders. The first of these was the Hyksos who also introduced chariots into Egypt and started a tyrannical rule.
It was Pharaoh Ahmose that finally succeeded in driving the invaders out after 150 years of oppressive rule and they were driven back to Asia, where they came from. Over the centuries, with intermarriage and foreigners flooding into Egypt, bringin more foreign rulers at times, the Nubians gradually pulled southwards starting a new capital, Napata.
Napata was attacked by some Pharaohs in their attempts to reunite Egypt and series of ding-dong battles occured between Nubian seccessionists and dynastic pharaohs. By the 24th Dynasty, Egypt was again divided between the Heri-Hor Dynasty and some Libyan princes in the Delta. On the death of Heri-Hor, Smendes (ruler of the Delta) took over Egypt. But by this time, Egypt was waning in world politics and her influence dying out and cultures eroding.
Then King Pianki attacked Egypt from the Sudan, ending the Delta rulers and began a renaissance to restore Egypt. This was the glorious 25th dynasty that saw a restoration led by Ethiopian (also Sudanese) Pharaohs. They renovated the temples, built more pyramids and revived the dying economy. This went on to some 600 years B.C when Assyrian influence began to threaten world peace.
King Hezekiah of Israel called for the assistance of Egypt and Pharaoh Taharqa sent out Egyptian’s forces that helped beat the Assyrians and stopping the invasion of Palestine’s Israel. It is ironic that Christian philosophers only talked of enslavement of Israelites in Egypt and not of this liberation effort that cost the Nubians Egypt subsequently. It is funny too that a country like Egypt where details of good and bad were always documented had nothing of Moses or Israelites slaves or whatsoever.
Famines and diseases had always appeared in many accounts in Egypt’s documentation because it is a country that depends solely on the Nile flooding. The period Moses was said to leave Egypt was the time of Rameses who was fighting the Hittites in the Palestine, so one wonders why history would miss the Israelites during the tussle between Egypt and Hittites in the same Palestine, in which a stele (documentation) records the conquering of Canaan and Israel at this same period by Rameses.
It is obvious a lot of myths surrounds the founding of Israel just as we have in founding myths tribes of the world that are unfortunately of oral tradition and easily considered mythical because they were not written in a “Holy Book.” In the course of time sometimes, legends become truths. Moses might have led a ragtag body back to Israel but not with all those dramas of splitting the sea and pulling down walls;
Jericho at the time of Moses and Joshua was no more, it was already a sparsely populated town with walls that had been fallen by a massive earthquake before Israelites got their in search of a homeland (this is known today by the plate tectonics of the earth discovered by archaeologists digging into the past of Jericho and her environs). Disinttered ceramic potteries and vases showed a thriving culture before the strata left by the shifted platonics of the earthquake; the pottery found above these were of poorer value showing that people who settled after the earthquake drove out the initial inhabitants were of lesser civilization.
Back to Egypt; the Assyrian King Esarhaddon was obviously pissed by the Weltpolitik of Egypt. And he began a series of campaigns against Egypt, which failed until a massive invasion in 671 that saw the superiority of the iron weapons of the Assyrians against the bronze weapons of Egypt. Egypt was defeated and Tarhaqa fled south to Upper Egypt. The Assyrians took Memphis the capital and imposed an Assyrian-trained Pharaoh. After several futile battles to retake Egypt by subsequent Nubian kings, they returned to Napata and continued their independent Nubian kingdom, Napata.
After the Assyrian Empire fell due to internal strife, Psammetik the Assyrian puppet Pharaoh made attempts to reunite Egypt and this continued to his successors who attacked Napata. The Nubians further retreated into Upper Egypt and begat another fresh capital, Meroe. By this time, another threat was looming in the world – the Persians (they brought camels to North Africa). The Persians swept into Lower Egypt from Asia but failed woefully to take Upper Egypt, retreating in heavy losses, and so they stayed put in Memphis, leaving Upper Egypt.
This went on until Alexander the Great rose from Greece and drove out the Persians, conquering half of the world. He then began a fresh dynasty in Egypt, called the Ptolemy. The Ptolemy then continued until Cleopatra’s period. Ptolemy was actaully one of Alex’ generals and a new capital was founded after Alex the Great, Alexandria. By the time of Cleopatra, there have been more pyramids built in Sudan than in Egypt, however, the Ptolemy and Meroitic kings still saw themselves as restorers of Egypt as they built temples together and renovated existing pyramids.
But a fact that should not miss an objective eye is that, even with all the foreigners who wanted a to take Egypt, none of them went back to their land to build pyramids – not even a hand-sized model. Libyans, Greeks, Persians, Assyrians, Hyksos or Romans… only the Nubians did. The Nubian kings were not foreigners; they established Egypt from the start and tried to restore its culture mostly during the 25th Dynasty.
When the invaders kept coming, they had withdrew into the area of Khartoum and continued this culture there, making them the only rulers of Egypt that built pyramids outside Egypt. More than 100 pyramids have so far been found in Sudan, although smaller to what we have in Egypt which is not more than 80 or thereabouts. Sudan also had more female rulers called Kandake (Candace in Greek) that made historians think at one time if Meroe was purely ruled by women. Egypt only had four female Pharaohs.
Racial minded historians have always tried to see Nubians as an inferior race with no contribution to Egypt. The present-day Arab Egyptians came there with the Jihad that swept out the Romans and Nubians in post-Cleopatra era. Some Coptic Egyptians are still in Alexandrai Egypt but are being made to exist in inferiority, for you have to pay the Jizya tax as a Christian or coptic Egyptian.
If the Nubians had stuck with Egyptian Hieroglyph or the Coptic language, and not totally starting a kingdom totally independent of Egypt with a newly devised writing called Meroitic, history would have been different; since Egyptian had been the language understood by Greek scholars, spoken even by Cleopatra and more easily deciphered by modern researchers, than Meroitic, it would have shut a lot of these bigots up centuries ago before the discoveries of Meroe and Sudanes pyramids.
Nubians should know their past and stop being fed lies by racial supremacists who to me are no more ignorant than tubers of yams. We shall overcome, the truth always does. Say Yes to an independent South Sudan who are being killed by the camel-humping Arab stock of Northern Sudan… They should stop attempting to drive out the Israelites if Africans are also not protesting before the UN the restoration of their territories in North Africa. Everyone should start seeing the world as a global village and every other man as a citizen of the world.